Overview of Research Library Collections
The Research library collections include the Marshall Papers as well as document collections, maps, posters, photographs, microfilm, audio and video materials and oral histories. Detailed finding aids to individual collections are available for most materials.
Items are listed using the following format:
Period covered by collection, Size of collection (in linear feet or file folders), Acquisition number
Robert Alexander Collection
1945, .25 lf, 57
The collection is made up of military papers, printed material, articles, maps, and photographs concerning the return of American forces to Corregidor collected by Robert Alexander (1900-1979) while in the U.S. Army. The material deals primarily with the 503rd Parachute Regimental Combat Team and the airborne approach to Corregidor. A journal, kept by Dr. Charles H. Bradford, is also included. Bradford was orthopedic surgeon for the 503rd Parachute Regimental Combat Team on the airborne approach to Corregidor.
Marshall Andrews Papers
1941-1947, 9 ff, 56
The collection consists of material gathered by newspaper editor and reporter Marshall Andrews (1899-1973) for an unpublished biography (1942) of GCM. Included are the chapters on GCM, correspondence from John H. Sherburne and Isaac Newell about Marshall as well as newspaper clippings and notes from Charles Cole concerning the biography.
William R. Arnold Papers
1937-1945, 2 lf, 3
William Richard Arnold (1881-1965) served as Chief of Chaplains, U.S. army, from 1937 to 1945; he then was consecrated Bishop of Phocaea, a position he held until his death. The collection covers Arnold's tenure as Chief of Chaplains, consisting of correspondence and writings. Letters are from other ministers, friends, and military personnel requesting favors. The writings are typescripts of two articles Arnold wrote: "The Chaplain, His Place and Work", The Presbyterian, 1939, and "The Army Chaplain's Part in the War", unpublished.
Lelia Cocke Bagbey Papers
1942-1945, 6 ff, 61
The collection records the Women's army Auxiliary Corps career of Lelia Cocke Bagbey (1916-1983), a native of Roanoke, Virginia. Included are correspondence, a scrapbook, photograph album, clippings, pamphlets, military play script, telegrams, and five WW II posters.
Hanson W. Baldwin Papers
1917-1977, 5.75 lf, 49
Correspondence, speeches, reports, and clippings document WW I, WW II, Korean Conflict, and Vietnam War. Collected by Hanson Weightman Baldwin (1903 - ), longtime military editor of the New York Times, items include WW I casualty reports, WW II war plans strategy session reports, military operations reports, Nuremberg Trial documents, correspondence on casualties and historical events of WW II, as well as reports on the Korean Conflict and the Pueblo incident. In addition, there are a large number of photographs collected for a never published pictorial history of the army.
Julius Preston Barclay Papers
1918-1953, 1 ff, 92
The collection consists of several disparate items: post cards showing WW I fighting and destruction and a broadside on German atrocities; a speech on San Antonio; and a letter to Julius Preston Barclay.
Larry I. Bland Collection
1891-1981, 3 lf, 105
This collection consists of two parts: W. Averall Harriman research material and women's history source material. The Harriman items were collected in preparation for Larry I. Bland's dissertation. Included are articles by Bland and Harriman, as well as copied journal articles. Notes taken by Bland are also to be found. The women's history material consists of popular articles and newspaper clippings (1971-1976) as well as scholarly articles on the changing role of women.
Haydon L. Boatner Papers
1941-1945, .25 lf, 90
Haydon Lemaire Boatner's (1900-1977) accounts of events in China when he was Chief of Staff to Joseph Stilwell. Copies of dispatches and memoranda on which Boatner made marginal notes in planning his actions are included.
Therese Bonney Collection
1943-1944, 1 ff, 46
The collection consists of book reviews, magazine articles, clippings, and a letter to Henry Stimson, all concerning Therese Bonney's Europe's Children, a book published in 1944 which shows the horrors of war through the eyes of children.
William A. Borden Collection
1964, 1 ff, 21
The collection consists of a memoir of William Ayres Borden (1890-1967), compiled in 1964. It contains genealogical information as well as notes on the military and post-military career of Borden.
Rebecca L. Brockenbrough Papers
1942-1945, .5 lf, 64
These papers document Rebecca Brockenbrough's career in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps. Her letters describe WAAC life in training and as an officer. An extensive photograph collection provides good examples of WAAC uniforms.
Mervyn F. Burke Collection
1919-1981, 2 ff, 30
The collection contains items relating to the military career of Mervyn F. Burke (1898- ), who served in France as a member of the 1st Division A.E.F. Included are a segment of Burke's memoirs covering his WW I experiences, several orders from that war, and two letters from Burke discussing the 1st Division.
W. Walton Butterworth Papers
1946-1974, 2.5 lf, 75
Papers document the foreign service career of W. Walton Butterworth (1903-1975). Material consists mainly of correspondence and speeches as well as clippings, printed material, and photographs that Butterworth saved during his career. Although the majority of correspondence is congratulatory in nature, correspondence between Butterworth and GCM can be found here. Some of it relates to GCM's 1946 China Mission and some to his presidency of the American Red Cross in 1950. Butterworth's speeches reflect the issues in each area where he served: American Ambassador in Nanking, China; American Ambassador to Sweden; American Minister to London; U.S. Representative to the European Communities; and U.S. Ambassador to Canada.
Kathleen B. Carter Collection
1776-1979, .25 lf, 33
The collection consists of genealogical information on the Taliaferro family compiled by Kathleen Buckner Carter (1888-1983). Both Carter and GCM descend from this family. Also included is material on the portraits of Pocahontas, their origins and locations.
Marshall S. Carter Papers
1927-1975, 22.5 lf, 22
The Collection of Marshall Sylvester Carter (1909-1993) contains correspondence and other documents on each of the significant military assignments and government appointments in Carter's career. His pre-war tours of duty, his wartime service in Washington and China, his post-war commands as aide to GCM, and his years as deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency and director of the National Security Agency are all documented. Also included are personal correspondence files, personal memorabilia, awards, decorations, and photographs.
George D. Childress Papers
1918-1919, 1 ff, 122
This collection consists of letters written by Pvt. Childress, Co. G, 116th Infantry, while serving in France during WW I.
Dowsley Clark Reports
1953, 1 ff, 36
Two reports written by Dowsley Clark, a news writer for the Foreign Operations Administration Mission (FOA) to Greece, from 1950-1953. One is a review of the mission's activities and the other is a report on community or local radio in Greece and the use of radio in selected mountain communities.
Paul H. Clark Papers
1918-1919, 1 lf, 119
The collection consists of letters written by Paul H. Clark (1898-1946), while he was Chief of the American Military Mission at French General Headquarters, to John J. Pershing. This correspondence discusses German military maneuvering, the effects of chemical warfare, and French military leaders' views of the state of the war.
Mary E. Clarke Collection
1977-1978, 1 ff, 73
The material concerns the disestablishment ceremony of the Office of the Director, Women's army Corps, on April 28, 1978. Also found is material from the dedication of the Women's Army Corps Museum at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, including news releases and guest lists.
Raymond H. Clary Papers
1940-1945, 1 ff, 76
Orders, letters of recommendation, and passes for Raymond Clary (1914- ) make up the bulk of the collection. Also included is a Training Circular, "Safeguarding Military Information". Clary served as an Army clerk typist in WW II.
Lucius D. Clay Papers
1943; 1946-1978, 17 lf, 85
The papers of Lucius DuBignon Clay (1897-1978) almost exclusively document his post-military career as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Continental Can (1950-1962) and as Senior Partner in Lehman Brothers investment banking house (1962-1973). Material includes correspondence, articles, interviews, speeches and statements, and office records. Scrapbooks and photograph albums documenting the period 1943-1978 round out the collection.
A. Fairfield Dana Papers
1944-1946, 4 ff, 104
This collection documents the year Aliston Fairfield Dana (1916- ) spent in China with George C. Marshall's mission. Included are extracts, correspondence, diary entries, a portion of a scrapbook, and an oral history interview.
Leon Thomas David Diary
1939-1943, 1 ff, 79
Leon Thomas David served as commander of the School for Special Services for the first four months of its operation in Lexington, VA. Prior to that he was with the Morale Branch of the Adjutant General's Office (the precursor of the school) and assistant commandant of the school while it was at Fort Meade, Maryland. While associated with the School for Special Services, David kept a diary of events leading to the formation of the school, problems faced by it, and his role in the school. This is a copy of that diary.
Charles H. Dayhuff, Jr. Collection
1930-1966, .5 lf, 34
The collection consists of material relating to courses offered at the Army War College in the 1950's on Turkey and the Middle East. There is one small folder of notes belonging to Charles Hal Dayhugg (1906- ), VMI 1931, as well as two speeches he gave. Also included are mimeographed copies of correspondence between C.H. Dayhuff III and his parents, written while he was an advisor in Vietnam, 1964-1965.
Harvey A. DeWeerd Papers
1914-1979, 4.5 lf, 89
The papers include Harvey A. DeWeerd's (1902-1979) correspondence and documents relating to his military career as contributing editor for the Army Infantry Journal, as well as his dissertation, bibliographies, lectures, and reading notes compiled in preparation for teaching and for writing Great Soldiers of Two Wars (1941), Selected Speeches of George Catlett Marshall (1945) , and President Wilson Fights His War: World War I and the American Intervention (1968). Also found are research items, including papers given DeWeerd by Basil H. Liddell Hart, reprints of articles and book reviews and newspaper clipping files on détente and nuclear war. DeWeerd's extensive personal library is also among the Marshall Library's holdings.
Madeline Dinsmore Collection
WW I Era, .25 lf, 65
Madeline I. Dinsmore (1874-1948), a prominent resident for many years of Edgartown, MA and Statsburg-on-Hudson, NY, collected clippings on WW I, particularly cartoons and humorous or cheerful sayings. These she compiled into a scrapbook that makes up the bulk of the collection.
John W. Downer Collection
1908-1943, 2 lf, 74
John Walker Downer (1881-1977) of Charleston, WV, attended VMI, Class of '02, before beginning a long, illustrious military and equestrian career. During WW I he commanded the battalion which fired the first American artillery shot in combat. Downer also participated in the Seventh Olympiad in Antwerp in 1920, as a member of the U.S. equestrian team. The bulk of the collection consists of photographs of Germany and France taken during and immediately after the war by German photographers. These pictures depict the German military hierarchy and the destruction of the war.
Hanson Ely Speeches
1929-1931, 1 ff, 45
The collection consists of two speeches made by Hanson Edward Ely (1867-1958). One speech was given to the Brooklyn Rotary Club in 1929 and deals with WW I and hopes for peace. The second speech was delivered at a Ypres League banquet in 1931 and described the Battle of Ypres and its effect on U.S.-Great Britain relations.
Gordon Ewing Collection
Post WW II, 1 lf, 132
This collection of 3 boxes includes material about RIAS, "Radio in American Sector", in Berlin from 1949 to 1957. Gordon Ewing was director of this organization. Documents include biographical material, letters, RIAS reports and organizational material, newspaper/magazine clippings and radio scripts in English and German, a 1981 RIAS interview with Ewing, and a RIAS scrapbook.
European Recovery Plan Commemoratives
June 1-10 1967, 4 ff, 106
The collection consists of copies of speeches and papers presented to commemorate the 20th anniversary of GCM's European Recovery Plan speech at Harvard University. Included is material from a colloquium in Brussels, ceremonies in Bonn and Vienna, luncheons in Paris, and a commemoration at Harvard.
James B. Faichney Collection
1974-1975, 5 ff/1 tape, 39
The collection consists of clippings, publicity, and scripts generated during the making of the CBS news documentary about GCM called "The General", produced and directed by James B. Faichney. Remarks by Faichney, as well as the transcript of a taped interview with him, are also included.
Handy B. Fant Papers
1931-1932; 1940, .5 lf, 88
The Handy B. Fant papers consist of War Department bulletins and Infantry School lessons. The War Department bulletins include reports prepared in 1940 by the Military Intelligence Division covering such topics as French artillery, German Air and Army signals, Fifth Column activity, and rations in the German Army.
Robert J. Fischer Papers
1915-1919, 1 lf, 7
The papers consist of WW I intelligence and training material collected by Robert J. Fischer during his service in France. The material falls into two series, American records and German ones. The U.S. material consists of intelligence documents, official communiqués, memos, and reports as well as notebooks kept by Fischer in the field. The German material includes Divisional Orders (January-June 1918); War Orders (May-September 1915); Weekly Reports (July 1917-May 1918); as well as personal correspondence and propaganda.
Foreign Economic Association Draft Report
ca. 1945-1946, 1 ff, 86
This report is a draft of a staff paper for the Foreign Economic Association prior to its termination at the end of WW II. Written by Walter K. Schwinn, David Gordon, Roy Dangerfield, and Askley E. Bayne, the report provides an overview of the economic intelligence operations of BEW/FEA during the years of U.S. involvement in the war.
William C. Foster Papers
1940-1984, 24 lf, 123
Foster served as the first Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1962-1968). Much of his life was devoted to issues of arms control and peaceful use of nuclear power. Foster also served as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1951-1953) during much of the Korean War. The bulk of the collection relates to arms control. The establishment of the arms Control and Disarmament Agency is well documented, along with Foster's participation in the Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee.
Robert J. Franklin Papers
1916-1919, 8 ff, 8
Robert J. Franklin (1892-1968) served as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 80th Division, 317th Regiment in France during WW I. In 1918 he became an instructor in La Valbonne until his discharge in 1919. The collection consists of Franklin's notes on his WW I French experience, including discussions of air raids and troop movements; combat training notes made by Franklin; military orders; and newspaper clippings on the "Lynchburg boys".
William F. Friedman Papers
1918; 1942-1969, 45 lf, 26
William Frederick Friedman (1891-1969) was an American cryptologists, considered by experts to be the greatest of all time. The papers consist of general correspondence (1942-1969); government service papers; Congressional Relief Bill material; patents; speeches and writing; numerically indexed papers; and photographs. Correspondence with cryptographers of national and international renown can also be found. Friedman's private cryptological work on such subjects as the Voynich manuscripts, codes and ciphers of ancient cultures, and the authorship of Shakespeare's work are also treated in the collection. Also to be found is a personal library of 110 linear feet, 18 linear feet of vertical file material, and 12 linear feet of artifacts.
Friedman Cryptologic Collection
1831-1982, 1 lf, 110
This collection consists of material pertaining to either the science of cryptology or William F. Friedman, one of the foremost American cryptographers. The largest portion of this collection consists of copies of NSA/CSS documents made available to the National Archives. These Signal Research Histories (SRH), which all pertain to WW II intelligence matters, include articles and lectures by Friedman, Japanese diplomatic messages, reports on various wartime intelligence agencies, and copies of GCM correspondence concerning MAGIC and ULTRA. Also included are a scrapbook kept by amateur cryptanalyst Howard T. Oakley on the various applications of codes and a series of book reviews of David Kahn's The Codebreakers.
Harold S. Frum Manuscripts
1943-1945, 3 ff, 101
In "The Soldier Must Write" Harold S. Frum details, through edited letters, his experiences in WW II. Included are discussions of life at Camp Reynold, PA and Birmingham, England, as well as V-E Day experiences in Germany.
Mary Fourqurean Fry Collection
1942-1946, .5 lf, 63
The collection consists of clippings, photographs, programs, pamphlets, correspondence, and poetry collected by Mary Fourqurean Fry, a member of the first WAAC officer training class in Des Moines, IA. Documented are WAAC and WAC enlistment procedures and Officer Training Program; life at Camp Upton, NY; overseas service at Naples, Italy; and the formation of the WAC Mothers Club.
Philip E. Gallagher Papers
1932-1933 ;1953, 1 ff, 27
Primarily correspondence, the ,majority of the collection deals with the efforts of Philip Edward Gallagher (1897-1976), a West Point graduate and career Army officer, to get into Command and General Staff School, and the part of the GCM played in helping him achieve this goal.
C. J. George Collection
1948-1961, 1 ff, 47
The collection covers various aspects of the career of Clarence James George, who served as aide to GCM and was later the secretary of the Marshall Foundation. Letters pertain to GCM's funeral, John J. McCloy receiving the AUSA George C. Marshall Award in 1961, and personal correspondence from Marshall S. Carter.
Lewis Coleman Gordon Papers
1918, 1 ff, 35
Leslie Coleman Gordon (1896-1951), a career Army officer with the 4th Engineers, to his parents while he was stationed in France and Germany during WW I. It describes the daily life of a soldier.
Leslie R. Groves Collection
1942-1945, 2 lf / 1 vol., 48
Leslie Richard Groves (1896-1970) was the military commander of the Manhattan Engineering District - the atomic bomb project. He oversaw the production and testing of the first atomic bomb, working closely with J. Robert Oppenheimer and other scientists at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Following publication of his book, Now It Can Be Told, in 1962, Groves put twenty-one of the documents pertaining to the Manhattan Project into a scrapbook. Included are the memo requesting Groves for special duty, the messages for President Truman at Potsdam, the memo for Secretary Stimson regarding the testing of the bomb and its effect, as well as documents concerning the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Franz Halder Diaries
1939-1942, 1 lf, 59
Franz Halder, Chief of the General Staff of the Supreme Command of the Army of Germany (1939-1942), kept a personal war diary concerning conferences, staff talks, and lectures. Between 1938 and 1941 the entries take the form of notes, but after 1941 they become more personal in nature, creating a more well rounded diary. Both the French and Russian campaigns are discussed as they evolved. The diary is a typescript English translation.
Laurence Halstead Papers
1900-1972, 6 ff, 60
The collection consists of diary pages written by Laurence Halstead (1875-1953) during his first tour of duty after graduating from West Point in 1899. They cover his return from Puerto Rico in 1900 and his trip to China in 1913. Also found are correspondence from GCM to Halstead and to Mrs. Mervin Mous, and a copy of Bronc magazine from the Philippines. All papers are photocopies.
Thomas T. Handy Papers
1935-1981, 2 lf, 102
Thomas Troy Hardy (1892-1982) served in the Army during both world wars, achieving the rank of General in 1945. During World War II, Hardy served as the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations and Deputy Chief of Staff under GCM. From 1949-1954, Hardy was stationed in Germany, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the U. S. troops in Europe in the NATO command and as the deputy Commander-in-Chief of the U. S. European command. The collection documents cover these three phases Hardy's career and consists mainly of correspondence. A small section is devoted to material between Hardy and general officers including Truscott, Ridgway, and Patton concerning the waging of battles during World War II. Material from the 1949-1954 period consists mainly of routine office and social correspondence.
Collas G. Harris Papers
1927-1966, 21lf, 6
The papers of Collas G. Harris (1906-1981). The earliest papers concern Harris's education at Augusta Military Academy in Virginia and Washington and Lee university and consist mainly of reports and correspondence. From 1933-1934, Harris served as Assistant to the Executive Secretary in Charge of Personnel at the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. This material consists of correspondence, memo, and personnel lists.
Harris served as Executive and Budget Officer at the National Archives from 1934-1942. These paper constitute the bulk of this collection and consist of annual and quarterly reports, correspondence, and memos. From 1942-1948, Harris served in the Air Force, and the material collected here consists of correspondence, lectures, lesson plans, memo, and project reports. Also included is his 201 file.
From 1945-1947 Harris worked at the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers Headquarters in Tokyo. Press releases, special reports, correspondence, and memos constitute this series. Harris returned to the National Archives in 1948 and remained there until 1952 as Director of Administrative Services. This material includes special reports, correspondence, and memoranda. Several boxes of clippings concerning the National Archives and various publications constitute the remainder of the collection.
Frank B. Hayne Papers
1925-1941, 21lf, 6
Correspondence of Frank Brevard Hayne (1891-1980) and GCM between 1933 and 1940 forms the bulk of the collection. Hayne served with Marshall in China, 1927-1930. All but one of these letters were written by GCM to Hayne. Also included are two letters from Hayne to his wife, Anne Dulaney Hayne, a letter from GCM to Rozier Dulaney, and 1940 correspondence by Hayne concerning property to be purchased by the Marshalls. Hayne's 1975 recollections of GCM and a playbill of Marshall's 1927 pay, "At the Customs", round out the collection.
Frank Lane Holland Papers
1924-1957, 6 lf, 83
Frank Lane Holland (1900-1944) served as an officer stationed in the Philippines during WW II. In 1942 he was captured by the Japanese and participated in the Bataan death march. He subsequently was interned at various prison camps, including Davao. Holland died when a Japanese prison ship was sunk by U.S. air strikes. The collection consists of a diary Holland kept, describing his daily life while in the Philippines, as well as correspondence between Holland and his wife, Dorothy Davis Holland, during this period, and five scrapbooks kept by Mrs. Holland on the Philippines, Bataan, and the Pacific Theater during the war.
George F. Howe Collection
1942-1957, .25 lf, 84
The collection consists of correspondence and a copy of a Historical Journal of the Tunisian Campaign (1942-1943), kept in French by an unidentified author. The correspondence is between George F. Howe, a staff member with the War Department and later Interior Department, and Charles Nouges, French Resident General in Morocco in 1942. These letters pertain to the circumstances attending the invasion of French North Africa in November 1942 by Allied forces. Howe wrote Nogues preparatory to writing Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West for the U.S. Army in World War II series.
Theodore S. Kenyon Papers
1918-1919, 2ff, 70
While serving in France with the AEF, Theodore Stanwood Kenyon ( -1978) kept up correspondence with Marian Holden. The letters which make up this collection describe Kenyon's experiences at Camp Upton, New York; his tour in France; and events on his return to the states. There are both photocopies and handwritten copies of the letters, with the photocopies being more complete.
Peter Kim Papers
1943-1984, 1 lf, 124
Kim was born in Soonan, Korea, in 1912. He was imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II, escaped, and joined the U.S. Army in the Intelligence Collection Agency. During the Korean War, Kim served with the U.S. Eighth Army as an intelligence officer from November 1950 to June 1952. The collection consists of military records, correspondence, and speeches.
D.M. King Collection
1945, 4 ff, 51
The collection consists of material collected by Dale Maxwell King (1905- ) while he was commanding officer of the Wehrmacht Proving Grounds at Hillersleben, Germany, in 1945, and contains 9th Army operation orders, 265th field artillery battalion orders, daily bulletins, and maps.
John Letcher Papers
1770-1961, 12 lf, 18
The John Letcher papers are a chronological grouping of the business records of Governor John Letcher's legal practice during the years 1869-1871. They consist primarily of business records, that is, bills, receipts, accounts, and general business correspondence pertaining to Governor Letcher's legal practice during this period. The items concern Governor Letcher's private practice in Lexington and Rockbridge County, Virginia, with his associate Colonel R.S. Maury.
Jack Lieberman Collection
1943-1944, 1 ff, 93
A New York photographer with the Photo Section of the Fort Benning, Georgia, Reproductive Plan in 1943, Jack Lieberman (1909- ) photographed the many aspects of Fort Benning. He compiled a book of 56 views showing the post "at rest". Included in the collection are a copy of Lieberman's book and clippings about the book and a visit to Fort Benning made by GCM, accompanied by Sir Anthony Eden and Sir John Dill. Photographs of this event can also be found.
John P. Lucas Diary
1943, 1 ff, 38
During the 1943 Sicilian Campaign of WW II, John P. Lucas (1890-1949) kept a diary discussing daily events. Included are records of troop movements and staff visits as well as progress of the campaign. The diary is a photocopy.
Reginald N. MacDonald-Buchanan Papers
1942-1962, 1 ff, 68
The collection consists of copies of notes and correspondence by Reginald Narcissus MacDonald-Buchanan (1898-1981) regarding GCM and his relationship with Sir John Dill. MacDonald-Buchanan was Dill's aide-de-camp during 1941-1942. Correspondents include Frank McCarthy, Allen Albert Jr., R.F. Akers Jr., Walter Bedell Smith, and GCM.
Henry D. MacNaughton Papers
1918-1919, 1 ff/1 vol., 54
The collection is made up of a diary -- complete with sketches, drawings, and notes on aircraft, officers, and billets -- kept by Henry D. MacNaughton, an Army major during WW I, in 1918. Also included is a dinner menu and passenger list from the USS Pocahontas.
Frank McCarthy Papers
1941-1949: 1972-1977, 31 lf, 16
The papers cover two aspects of the career of Frank McCarthy (1912-1986), who served 1942-1945 as Secretary, General Staff, under GCM; his War Department years and his Hollywood career. War Department papers include correspondence, material dealing with inspection trips, arrangements and technical planning for Allied Conferences, speeches, maps, and clippings.
McCarthy's Hollywood career is documented by correspondence (1946-1949) and programs, as well as material relating to three of his films: Patton (1970), McArthur (1977) and Marshall: Man of Peace, Man of War (not released). These records include correspondence, memos, research material, film scripts, production material, publicity information, and clippings. The Patton material is especially rich, providing a study of the making of a motion picture from start to finish, including: research, legal matters, script writing, filming, reviews, and the winning of the Academy Award.
Martha Rector McGee Collection
1942-1943, 2 ff, 62
The collection is made up of letters, magazines, and newspaper clippings dealing with Martha Frost Rector's career as a Women's Army Auxiliary Corps members, as well as information on WAACs, recruiting advertisements, and wartime material. Rector was a member of the WAAC recruiting staff in the Arkansas district.
W. E. McGillicuddy Diary
1917-1919, 1 ff/1 vol., 53
Dr. W.E. McGillicuddy's diary describes his voyage from New York to Liverpool, England; the journey across England to Southampton, where he crossed to France; and the trip through France to Vittel, a village 35 miles from the Western Front. The diary is a day by day account of his experiences on the Front. He describes the quality of life in WW I hospitals, including daily routine, problems, patient care, and the physical and social means people used to cope. The diary also notes the number of patients coming in and out of Vittel hospitals over a period of time, patient transportation, diseases, and evacuation and destruction of hospitals. There is a name index to the diary in the collection.
Donald Mace Papers
1934-1940, 3 ff, 25
This collection is comprised of handbooks and guideline forms for the Civilian Conservation Corps' educational program and job placement services. Included are manuals on class attendance and teaching of illiterates, job placement forms, and "Educational Handbooks for Advisors and Enrollers, 1934-1940".
Bernard W. Marchant Scrapbook
1926-1949, 1 lf/1 vol., 81
Barnard Wilson Marchant (1897-1949), VMI '19, was vice president of the firm Froehling and Robertson, consulting chemists and inspection engineers of Richmond, VA. From 1926 until 1949, Marchant kept a scrapbook chronicling the career of GCM and the WW II careers of other VMI alumni.
George C. Marshall Collection
1914-1959, 1.25 lf, 108
This collection consists mostly of GCM's outgoing correspondence. Nearly all of it is personal in nature, discussing Marshall's health and trips or notes expressing thanks for gifts or kindnesses received by GCM. There are some fifty correspondents in this collection, among whom the most notable are: Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Henry Cabot Lodge, Omar N. Bradley, Claude M. Adams, J. Clifford Miller, C. J. George, Rose Page Wilson, J. Manly Cobb, and Morrison C. Stayer.
George C. Marshall Papers
1932-1960, 130 lf, 1
The papers are divided into twelve groups according to the assignments GCM (1880-1959) was given and the offices he held. They are: Fort Benning, 1932; Fort Screven, 1932-1933); Fort Moultrie, 1933; Illinois National Guard, 1933-1936; Vancouver Barracks, 1936-1938; Pentagon Office (includes deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Staff period), 1938-1945; China Mission, 1945-1947; Secretary of State, 1947-1948; American Battle Monuments Commission, 1949-1950; American Red Cross, 1949-1950; Secretary of Defense, 1950-1952; and Retirement, 1951-1960.
Each subgroup is made up of one or more series, including biographical material; correspondence; shorthand notebooks; speeches; statements and writings; engagement books; and scrapbooks.
A guide to the Marshall Papers has been published and is available to researchers.
James J. Marshall, Jr. Papers
1942-1945, 1 ff, 82
The collection consists of several items relating to the military career of James Jones Marshall, Jr. (1914- ), of New York City, a lawyer. Included are a diary kept enroute to Bora Bora (January-February 1942), a summary of his service record, and phototographs of Cassino, Italy and Bora Bora.
Katherine Tupper Marshall Correspondence Collection
1951-1968, 3 ff, 111
The collection consists of Katherine Tupper Marshall's outgoing correspondence to friends. Of special interest is a series of letters to Mrs. James Bruce discussing the final illness of GCM (1956-1959). Also included is correspondence with C.J. George, General and Mrs. George Shell, and Forrest C. Pogue.
Katherine Tupper Marshall Papers
1941-1956, 1 lf, 23
The collection is composed primarily of correspondence to Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882-1978). Most of the letters are sympathy notes sent to Mrs. Marshall on the death of her son Allen Tupper Brown; letters sent on the publication of her book Together; and notes concerning the illness of GCM in 1948-1949. The collection also contains invitations, calling cards, and a large number of letters of condolence for Mrs. Marshall following General Marshall's death in 1959.
Stuart B. Marshall Collection
1834-1959, 6 lf, 10
The collection reflects the interest of Stuart Bradford Marshall (1875-1956), GCM's brother, in family history and lives of famous people. Included are correspondence, postcards, clippings, publications by Stuart B. Marshall on famous historical figures, and papers and records of the following families; Bradford, Catlett, Marshall, Stuart, and Taliaferro.
Marshall Foundation National Archives Project
c. 1916-1959, 96 lf paper records and 736 microfilm reels
This collection of approximately 1,000,000 pages of copied material was created by the Marshall Foundation to augment GCM's personal papers. The Foundation wished to assemble as complete a record as possible from the official files of the various agencies in which Marshall worked. Most of this material comes from official files of the Army, War Department, State Department, and Defense Department, which are in the custody of the National Archives. Also included here are material published on microfilm by the National Archives and the National Historical Publications Commission ("F.D.R. Press Conferences", "National War College Periodical Index"), published microfilm from others sources (e.g., The Stimson Diaries); periodicals on microfilm (Army and Navy Journal, Military Review, etc.); finding aids from other institutions; doctoral dissertations and other scholarly writings; portions of GCM's personal papers and correspondence with or about GCM sent to biographer Forrest C. Pogue.
Note: Until 1985, this collection was referred to as the "Research File".
Cecilia B. (Jackie) Martin Collection
1950-1954, 4 lf, 14
Cecilia B. (Jackie) Martin (1904-1969) served in the WAAC and as a war correspondent in WW II. As head of the Photo Branch of the USIS in Paris from 1950-1954, Martin was responsible for the dissemination of photographic material to the U.S. Embassies in Europe. The collection documents the efforts of the Photo Branch to obtain and provide photographic coverage of the U.S. activities in Europe. Included are notebooks prepared by Martin, press releases, plastos and material relating to plastos. Also found are photographs concerning the photographic process and its implementation by the Photo Branch
Lawrence Michael Collection
1918-1919, .25 lf, 13
The collection is made up of a variety of American Expeditionary Force material collected by Lawrence Michael (1900- ). He served as warrant officer attached to John J. Pershing's headquarters in Chaumont, France. Included are pamphlets on the AEF and its history; maps of depots and supply outlets; a booklet on the bombing of Paris; operational notes and maps from Chateau-Thierry, St. Mihiel Salient, and the Meuse-Argonne offensive; and a lecture on French and German operations before Verdun.
Charles B. Miller Collection
1938, 1940, .75 lf/1 vol., 107
In 1938 the VMI Corps attended the VMI-Clemson game in Charlotte, North Carolina; in 1940 they returned to see the VMI-Davidson game. Charles B. Miller, president of the Charlotte chapter of the VMI alumni, arranged for GCM to attend the Davidson game. After each game Miller saved clippings from Charlotte papers and the VMI Cadet.
Francis Pickens Miller Papers
1917-1976, 5.5 lf, 15
Francis Pickens Miller (1895-1978), a Kentucky native, had a long career of military and public service. After graduation from Washington and Lee University in 1914, Miller served in France with the AEF. Following WW I Miller was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University. During WW II Miller worked in military intelligence for both OSS and SHAEF. Virginia politics attracted Miller in the 1950s. In1949 he unsuccessfully challenged John Battle for the Democratic nomination for governor; in 1952 Miller unsuccessfully ran for the U.S. Senate.
The collection consists largely of material relating to Colonel Miller's military career. Included is information of Miller's WW I service in the artillery; his WW II career in military intelligence (at both OSS and SHAEF); the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS); the Senate Investigation of the National Defense Program (1946-1947); and the Army Reserve, Virginia Military District. Miller's personal file, 1944-1952, and a General File are also included. The collection is arranged chronologically by subject and is divided into seven series. Items in the collection are: military intelligence reports (including information of OSS Operation Sussex, and the attempted assassination of Hitler in July 1944); correspondence; orders; Senate testimony and reports; newsletters; bulletins; maps; photographs; Hitler memorabilia; pamphlets; notes; passes; I.D. cards; and receipts. Papers dealing with Miller's political career are at the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia.
C.S. Mullen Diaries
1913-1961, 2 lf/61 vols., 29
Claree Sutton Mullen (1884-1976) graduated from VMI in the Class of 1903. He was the first chief engineer of the Virginia Highway Department, serving in that capacity from 1924-1954. Mullen's diaries illustrate the growth of the state and the events of those years as well as the business affairs and life of Mullen.
Naval History Division "Classified Archives"
1942-1945, 1 lf, 113
The collection consists of copies of Naval records pertaining to the naval battles of WW II. Included is material on Guadalcanal, Midway, the Solomon Islands, Leyte Gulf, and Wake Island campaigns.
Otto L. Nelson Papers
1937-1973, 6 lf, 126
Nelson served on the General Council of the War Department and was instrumental in the reorganization of the Army during WW II. Included in the collection are minutes of the General Council, reorganization material, and his later involvement in Civil Defense. The collection is divided into military, civil defense, papers and speeches, and miscellaneous documents.
Joe A. Noake Collection
1919-1961, 1 ff, 31
The collection consists of a letter, clipping and a memo concerning WW I. The letter is from Rober McCleave to Joe Noake reminiscing about their WW I service in France together. The memo and clipping concern McCleave and his being awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.
Benjamin H. Nolte Collection
1918-1919, .25 lf, 112
Benjamin H. Nolte (1892-1947) served in the 441 Truck Company of the 8th Corps AEF. The collection consists of several historical sketches of the Truck Company written by Nolte and others; a photograph album showing American servicemen and the destruction of Europe; and an issue of The Octagon, the 8th Corps newspaper, from April 1918.
101st Airborne Jumpmaster Reports
July 1944, 1 ff, 100
The collection consists of jumpmaster reports and a rough draft of Maxwell D. Taylor's report on the performance of the 101st Airborne Division in Operation Overlord.
John McAuley Palmer Papers
1919-1953, 1 ff, 40
The collection consists mainly of letters of John McAuley Palmer (1870-1955) to his children and wife Maud, and letters exchanged between Palmer and GCM. The letters are mostly personal, with comments about family, friends, and events. Also included are Henry Stimson's final news conference statement (1945), a biographical news release on Wade Haislip's retirement, and a letter from Walter Grant to Palmer concerning a reception for John J. Pershing at Washington's Union Station (1919).
David Walker Paulette Papers
1912-1949, 1.5 lf, 50
A Farmville, VA, pharmacist in civilian life, David Walker Paulette (1891-1968) served in both World Wars. During WW I he was connected with Company M, 113th Infantry, 29th Division, stationed in France. In WW II he was assigned to the Office of Civilian Defense until 1944; the European Civil Affairs Division until 1945; and the Tokyo-Kanagawa Military Government District (1947-1949). The papers consist of personnel records of Company M and documents relating to its activities in France (1918-1919); and Paulette's military records from WW II and the postwar years, including copies of special orders, memos, financial and medical records. Also found is a transcript of a 1975 interview with Paulette's widow, Frances H. Paulette.
William D. Pawley Papers
1945-1970, .5 lf, 42
William Douglas Pawley (1896-1977) had a long and active business and diplomatic career. He was instrumental in organizing the Flying Tigers, an American volunteer aviation group, for the defense of China in the late 1930s. Following WW II Pawley served as Ambassador to Brazil and Peru, and as a special assistant to both Secretaries of State and Defense in the 1950s. The collection consists of official correspondence from GCM, Robert A. Lovett, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, and personal correspondence from GCM and Katherine Tupper Marshall. Also included is a 1974 draft of a book he hoped to publish, Russia is Winning, and several other unpublished writings.
Gardner W. Pearson Papers
1903-1914, .5 lf, 71
The Pearson papers document the military career of Gardner W. Pearson (1869-1953) as well as his service as Adjutant General of Massachusetts. The collection consists of congratulatory correspondence and printed material, mainly clippings.
Peiping Headquarters Group Historical Report
1946, 1 ff, 118
Orders, reports, observers' statements, telegrams, Truce Team Commanders' day-to-day diaries, and staff officers' notes kept during a three-month period (April-June 1946) of GCM's China Mission.
Frank W. Price Papers
1929-1974, 12 lf, 19
Frank Wilson Price (1895-1974) was a missionary in the Presbyterian Church, serving in China (1923-1952) as an educator at Nanking Theological Seminary and West China Union University; as organizer of rural religious and social programs; as an adviser and personal friend to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek; as adviser to the Chinese delegation of the San Francisco UNCIO Conference in 1945 and as adviser to Chinese officials in the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the National Military Council. The post-1949 material includes items from his period in Red China, as Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Southern), as Director of the Missionary Research Library in New York, his study trips to South East Asia in the early 60's, and his retirement. The collection contains many articles from the 1930's to the 1960's, many of which give an insight into the political and social life in China during that period.
Price was one of the last Americans to leave the mainland after the Communist takeover in 1949. The collection contains information on his work and on the situation in China during the Chinese Revolution. Included is correspondence with GCM, Patrick Hurley, Arthur H. Vandenburg, Dean Acheson, A.C. Wedemeyer, Harry Stimson, Chang Chung, T.V. Soong, and Chiang Kai-shek. Also found are journals kept by Price from 1937-1946 and notes he made on China. There is an extensive series of Chiang Kai-shek material covering his personal life and speeches. Two Chinese language publications round out the collection: Tzu Shih Ching Hua (Essentials and Ornaments from Philosophical and Historical Texts) 3 volumes, and P'ei Wen Yun Fu (Famous Quotations and Literary Allusions) 16 volumes.
Harry B. Price Papers
1951-1955, 2.5 lf, 12
The Harry Bayard Price Papers include correspondence, interviews, memoranda, press releases, and reports of people who were directly connected with the Marshal Plan in preparation for Price's writing of The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning. This material spans the dates 1951-1955. The collection also contains a typed draft of Price's manuscript, charts, records, and other printed material related to the book.
The correspondence portion deals with comments, criticisms, and notes concerning Price's rough draft. Of special interest are the correspondence of Dean Acheson, Erik Brofoss, Harlan Cleveland, Brice M. Mace, Jr., Peter Odegard, Henry Tasca, and GCM. Additionally, there is a good bibliography on the ECA.
The second portion of the collection contains interviews conducted with persons both in the U.S. and in Europe concerning the Marshall Plan and its implementation. Of special interest here are the interviews with Harlan Cleveland, Richard Bissell, W. Averell Harriman, Samuel Van Hyning, Dean Acheson, Paul Hoffman, and GCM.
The third portion of the collection contains miscellaneous items, including a typed final draft of the Price book, a chronology of the ECA project, telephone directories, and economic charts used by Price.
Leonard U. Pritt Collection
1946-1948, 1 ff, 72
The collection is composed of directories of the 101st Airborne Association; the Association's constitution and by-laws; and correspondence between Henry T. Gorrell, editor of Veteran's Report, and veterans, including letters from Maxwell D. Taylor and Omar N. Bradley.
WW II Era, 3 ff, 115
The collection consists of pieces of propaganda used by the United States, Japan, and Germany during WW II. The American items are anti-Japanese in nature and include a "Jap Hunting License" and a Bomb Tokyo offer; while the Axis propaganda consists of fliers directed at the fighting men, urging them to surrender.
Quartermaster Corps - Technical Branch Collection
1918-1957, 1.5 lf, 121
Material in this collection relates to the Technical Branch of the Quartermaster Corps, which was responsible for organizing Army exhibits before and after WW II. Subjects addressed include Army exhibits, World's Fairs of 1935 and 1940, QMC performance, and press releases. A small amount of personal memorabilia and correspondence of Henry U. Milne, a Branch employee, is also part of this collection.
Beverly M. Read Collection
WW II Era, 130
A unique collection of almost 500 WW II photographs including categories of Atlantic and Pacific areas, European countries, U.S. training and war production, famous people, maps, charts, and miscellaneous.
Russell Reeder, Jr. Papers
1943 ; 1946, 1 ff, 37
The collection consists of a photocopy of the front matter of Fighting on Guadalcanal (1943), a booklet by Russell Potter Reeder (1902- ); a letter by GCM to Robert Hannegan concerning the appointment of Reeder as Postmaster at West Point; and a notebook compiled by Reeder on ricochet of seacoast guns, and formulae and tables used for artillery.
Reminiscences about George C. Marshall
1906-1951, 14 ff, 109
The collection consists of a number of reminiscences in the form of letters and memoirs about GCM written by his associates. Many are letters to Forrect C. Pogue to aid him in writing his biography of Marshall. Contributors include Madeleine C. Davis, V.J. Gregory, Charles D. Herron, Robert Cutler, John Steeves, and Louis W. Whaley.
James W. Riddleberger Papers
1945-1981, 2 lf, 103
James Williams Riddleberger (1904-1982) achieved the rank of career ambassador after 38 years of service in the State Department. The collection consists of his speeches given between 1958 and 1967. In addition there are four oral history interviews of Riddleberger.
Paul M. Robinett Collection
1900-1975, 17 lf, 28
The collection consists of the correspondence and writing of Paul M. Robinetrder during WW I. He did not again see battle until North Africa in 1942, where he was wounded. Correspondence makes up the bulk of the collection, which is mostly military in nature. Robinett's unpublished autobiographies, Among the First and Along the Way, document the period from WW I to 1943, while his diary, A Pt (1893-1975). A career Army officer, Robinett first served on the Mexican boart of the Story, covers the years 1936-1941. In addition to military career material, there is also a large collection of Robinett's historical publications, research notes, and notebooks. Also found are army manuals and publications, and other printed material.
Fred S. Rodkey Collection
1944-1965, 1 ff, 117
In 1965 Fred S. Rodkey compiled a series of documents, pertinent to his theories on the use of psychological warfare, in order to get wide recognition of his ideas. These theories were formulated while Rodkey was serving in the Historical Sub-section of the Office of the Secretary, General Staff, SHAEF, in early 1944.
George L. Roth Collection
WW I Era, 2 lf/15 booklets, 43
The collection consists of sheet music of twelve WW I era songs, including "Over There" and "There's a Long, Long Trail", as well as "Dear Lad O'Mine" and "Keep the Home Fires Burning".
School for Personnel Services Collection
1942-1945, 3 ff, 95
The collection consists of a History of the School for Personnel Services. Organized in 1942, by the Army, the School's purpose was to train officers and enlisted men to supervise the recreational, educational, and entertainment life of American military installations. Subjects covered in the History include courses taught, the organization of the school, and a post diary. Ancillary material relating to the school can also be found.
Jim Scow Papers
1944-1954, .25 lf, 58
The papers of Dr. Jim Scow (1915-1978), a resident of Lexington, VA, consist of orders, medical notes, articles, maps, clippings, slides, newspapers, and pamphlets dealing with Scow's military service. The items concern Scow's career as a member of the U.S. Army Medical Corps in the Far East, specifically in the Phillipines and Korea.
Germain Seligman Papers
1913-1947, 1 lf, 69
The papers of Germain Seligman (1893-1978) document his WW I services as French Liaison Officer to the First American Division of the AEF. Included are Seligman's military records, orders, military reports, and instruction books, as well as personal correspondence, photographs, and articles written by Seligman. He later became internationally known as an art critic and dealer in New York and Paris.
William T. Sexton Papers
1939-1944, 1.5 lf, 4
The papers of William Thaddeus Sexton (1901-1983) deal mainly with his terms as Assistant Secretary and Secretary in the Office of the Chief of Staff under GCM. Included are correspondence and memoranda between Sexton, Henry Stimson, and GCM; reports on U.S. military strength and organization; and drafts of speeches and statement by GCM.
Shelton H. Short, Jr. Papers
1917-1919; 1932-1979, 5 lf, 17
The papers document the military service of Shelton H. Short, Jr. (1898-1974), as well as his business and political activities in Southside Virginia. Included are personal correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, and letters Short received while with the Red Cross, the Virginia Protective Force, and during two summer training sessions at VMI. Also found are manuscripts of articles and monographs written by Dr. Shelton H. Short, III.
Marie Marshall Singer Collection
1834-1948, 1.5 lf, 11
The collection contains information on the Marshall family and GCM compiled by GCM's sister, Marie Marshall Singer (1876-1962). Included are clippings, reports, itineraries, menus, correspondence, promissory notes, postcards, tax receipts, and a Marshall family genealogy.
1740-1967, 8 lf, 91
The papers document the history of the Smith family of Greenville, VA and the academic and military career of Earl LaVerne Crum (1891-1961), professor of classics at Lehigh, who retired to the Smith family home in Augusta County, VA in 1957.
Smith family papers include correspondence, deeds, wills, plats, slave sales, and other financial papers. Included is material from the Randolph, Brooks, Wilson, and Price families.
The Earl Crum papers include correspondence between Crum and his wife; Crum's publications; and military records, including the controversy over the de-Nazification of Heidelberg University after WW II. There are also numerous photographs of the postwar period.
Pierpont L. Stackpole Diary
1918-1919, .75 lf, 41
Pierpont L. Stackpole (1875-1936) kept this diary while he was aide-de-camp to General Hunter Liggett during WW I. Stackpole gives a daily account of activities and meetings at Liggett's headquarters in Neufchateau, Ligny-en-Barrois, and Coblenz. Troop movements, dispositions, and results of the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns are recorded. Also included are Stackpole's opinions of officers of Germany, France, England, and the U.S., as well as his attitude on YMCA women, blacks, Franklin Roosevelt, and certain politicians. There is both a handwritten and typescript version of the diary.
State Department Nuremberg Trial & Pearl Harbor Documents
1932-1942, 3 lf, 87
Documents gathered by the State Department in preparation for two separate investigations following WW II, the Nuremberg Trials and the Pearl Harbor Attack Inquiry, make up this collection. The Nuremberg records include photostatic copies of telegrams and consular reports prepared for the Secretary of State between 1932 and 1941. Also included are copies of correspondence between Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers.
Pearl Harbor papers include copies of decoded Japanese telegrams, memoranda sent to the Chief of Staff, telegrams and consular reports from 1939 to 1942, as well as the Army Pearl Harbor Board Reports and statements by Henry Stimson and Harry Truman in 1945-1946.
William M. Stokes, Jr. Papers
1942-1968, .5 lf, 67
The papers document the military career of William Miles Stokes, Jr. (1901-1980), VMI Class of 1921, who later served on the VMI Board of Visitors, 1951-1965, and the board of trustees of the George C. Marshall Foundation. Military records include eight handwritten notebooks Stokes kept during his service in North Africa and England on maneuvers and personnel; maps of the Yellow Beach landing; and papers concerning the landing of the 67th Armored Division at Normandy. Also included are various citations Stokes received. The material on the George C. Marshall Foundation consists of correspondence, minutes, and reports.
Arthur P. Terry Papers
1917-1919, .75 lf, 9
The collection consists of material collected by Arthur Palfrey Terry during WW I, including a diary he kept while in France, a copy of a report on the Meuse-Argonne offensive, field orders, and bulletins.
35th U.S. Infantry Regiment Scrapbook
1939-1940, 2 lf/1 vol., 94
A scrapbook presented to Colonel William Ross Scott, commander of the 35th U.S. Regiment stationed in the Hawaiian Island, on his departure from the post in 1940. Included in the book are photographs of personnel, maneuvers, scenery, athletic events, and daily life, as well as signatures of the men under Scott's command.
Royce L. Thompson Collection
1944-1958, 1 lf, 44
The collection consists of two unpublished manuscripts dealing with ETO invasion casualties and American intelligence on the German counteroffensive, November 1-December 15, 1944. The two volume manuscript covers Army, Corps, and Division level activities of the 12th Army Group, giving the order of battle of the American troops in the Moselle-Sauer. Included are tactics, strategies, critiques, formations, etc., which span over 750 pages.
H.G.A. Timmis Papers
1906-1940, .25 lf, 77
H.G.A. Timmis, a British citizen, captained ships for the New York and Pacific Steamship Company and R. Chapman and Sons of Newcastle-on-Tyne. While he was at sea, Timmis carried on correspondence with A.F. deForest Allgood of New York City and an unnamed senator. Discussed in the letters are personal events, the effect of WW I on shipping patterns, and Timmis' problems with his crew.
Lucian K. Truscott, Jr. Papers
1938-1964, 12 lf, 20
The papers of Lucian King Truscott, Jr. (1895-1965) include his personal correspondence (1936-1964) and his military papers (1942-1944, 1961). The WW II papers deal with his service as an Army officer who rose from the rank of Colonel to temporary Lieutenant General. He was stationed with the European Theater of Operations Headquarters (1942-1943), and held the following commands: Third Division, 1943-1944; VI Corps, 1944; Fifth Army, 1944-1945; and the Third Army, 1945-1946. His professional papers also treat his service on the War Department Screening Board (1946-1947), the Joint Amphibious Operation Report (1949) and a Rehabilitation Study (1961). Included are correspondence, memoranda, radio messages, transcripts of hearings, transcripts of telephone conversations, speeches, reports, maps, and printed materials.
Susanna P. Turner Papers
1942-1946, .25 lf, 125
Lt. Col. Turner was a member of the first Officers Candidate School for WACs in 1942, and one of ten selected for Command and General Staff School. The collection consists of personal correspondence, mostly to her mother, Mrs. Joseph A. Turner, who lived in Roanoke, VA.
United States Embassy-Austria Collection
1951-1968, .5 lf, 80
The collection covers the implementation and functions of the European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) in Austria. Included are ledgers which record loans made to individual industries, leaflets, and government decisions.
James A. Van Fleet Papers
1915-1992, 85 cf., 127
The James A. Van Fleet papers are divided into seven subgroups. The first pertains to Van Fleet's immediate and extended family, while the remaining six correspond to his varied military assignments and personal business interests: Family; Personal; Military, Greece; Korea; Assignments and Trips; Board Memberships. Also included is an extensive photograph collection making the Van Fleet papers the Archives' second largest collection, the largest being that of General Marshall.
Gilbert Sandford Vernam Collection
1912-1926, .25 lf, 32
Gilbert Sandford Vernam (1890-1960) worked for the research department of American Telephone and Telegraph and other communication companies, but he was best known for his contributions to the science of cryptology. The collection contains some random notes (1919), and incomplete copy of an abstract of a speech by H.H. Timbers on "Printing Telegraphy" (1919) and blueprints of Multiple Test Set for No. l1 Lamp Multiple Test Circuit (1912). Also included is a copy of the Manual for the Solution of Military Ciphers by Parker Hitt (1918). The major part of the collections consists of three diaries kept by Vernam during 1918, 1919, and 1922-26. The 1918 volume deals primarily with the Morkrum Deciphering, Enciphering Set.
Edmund C. Waddill Collection
1922-1968, .5 lf, 5
The collection includes class notes made by Edmund Clivious Waddill (1883-1964), a career Army officer, while stationed at Fort Benning, GA, on the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Also included are notes from the army school at Fort Leavenworth, KS, as well as attack orders, special orders, work projects, and maps.
Walton Walker Papers
1912-1950 (primarily WW II), 27 lf, 134
This is a rather extensive collection of material about the XX Army Corps and 3rd Army operations in Europe, 1944-1945. Included are photographs, after-action reports, combat and training events, scrapbooks, etc. Personal correspondence and photographs are also part of these holdings.
War Department Reports
WW II Era, .5 lf, 120
This collection consists of a number of widely disparate reports issued by numerous War Department offices. Among the reports included are: "Army Air Force, Location of Units, 1941-1945", "A Short Account of Eighth Army Operations, 1943", and after action reports of the Fourth Cavalry Group MECZ for 1943-1945. Subjects treated include the Purchases Division, the North African Campaign and organization of the Army Air Force, and the War Department Operations Division.
Mark Skinner Watson Notes
1942-1947, 1 ff, 116
As preparation for writing Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations, a volume in the United States in World War II series, Mark Skinner Watson, an artillery officer in WW I and war correspondent in WW II, took a series of notes. These notes were taken from War Department, Chief of Staff, Army and Operations Division records, and concern such topics as TORCH, Army personnel needs, morale, and weapons development.
Donald Wilson Papers
1758-1979, 2 lf, 96
Donald Wilson (1892-1978) was a pioneer in the Army Air Corps, serving in the Army for 31 years before retiring as a Major General. Wilson spent his retirement years doing a genealogical study of his family in Rockbridge, Augusta, and Bath counties in Virginia. The collection consists of his notes, correspondence, genealogy charts and data sheets acquired during his research. An oral history transcript is included.
Reginald Winn Collection
1942-1944, 2 ff, 78
In this unpublished manuscript Reginald Winn (1900- ), aide-de-camp to Sir John Dill, 1942-1944, describes his travels with Dill to various conferences, including Casablanca, in a chatty, travelogue style. Also included are six speeches given by Dill in 1944.
William Alexander Winston Collection
1918-1926, 1 ff, 52
The collection consists of items belonging to William Alexander Winston (1898-1937), VMI class of 1920, and includes a calendar, a copy of his valedictory speech at VMI, a souvenir program from the 1923 re-enactment of the Battle of New Market, and Winston's certificate of appointment to the Cavalry as 2nd Lieutenant.
C. Tyler Wood Papers
1885-1983, 27 lf, 99
ClintonTyler Wood (1900-1983) was a State Department official for three decades and a key figure in the Marshall Plan. Wood joined the State Department in 1945, working as senior aide to the Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs. During the 1950s he served as economic coordinator for the United Nations in South Korea. Wood then spent eight years in India as Minister of Economic Affairs for the U.S. Embassy and Director of the U.S. Technology Mission. From 1964-1970 he was associated with AID as a special assistant. His retirement in that year did not keep him from continuing his connection with AID; he remained a consultant until his death in 1983.
Wood's papers document his activities in India, Korea, and Vietnam. The collection consists of correspondence, both business and personal; reports on various Third World nations and their problems; speeches by Wood on development in Korea and India; clippings on foreign aid, Korea, India, and Vietnam; and photographs of Wood and his associates, as well as the various place he traveled. Some material from Wood's earlier career if also available.
Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon Collection
1943-1947, 3 ff, 66
The collection contains a copy of Dr. Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon's 1947 report "History of Psychiatric Aspects of Women Serving in the Army", delivered before the American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting; newspaper clippings; and greeting cards. Wotherspoon was the first woman admitted to the Women's Army Corps and first woman doctor ever commissioned as a major in the Armed Medical Corps.
C. Ben Wright Kennan Biography Project
1930-1982, 6 lf, 97
The collection consists of research material amassed by C. Ben Wright III (1942- ) while writing a dissertation and later unpublished biography of George F. Kennan. Most of the material is copied documents and secondary source items. Among the items to be found are copies of Policy Planning Staff documents, Foreign Relations of the United States series material, and Kennan documents from Princeton University and the National Archives. Numerous articles written by and about Kennan, as well as drafts of Wright's dissertation and the unpublished biography, are also included.
Tomoyuke Yamashita Trial Memorandum
1949-1950, 1 ff, 114
The collection documents Courtney Whitney's attempt to refute arguments made in A. Frank Reel's book, The Case of General Yamashita, that the Japanese war crimes trials were unfair and unlawful. Included are correspondence and Whitney's lengthy memorandum.
John C. Young Collection
1947-1948, 12 lf, 55
The collection contains material pertaining to Case 12 at the War Crimes Trials in Nuremberg. Included are German military organization and doctrine, as well as personal involvement of those on trial. The transcripts of the Tribunal are also part of the collection. These concern the following German defendants: Johannes Blaskowitz, Karl Hollidt, Herman Hoth, George von Kuechler, Wilhelm von Leeb, Rudolph Lehmann, Hermann Reinecke, Hans Reinhardt, Karl von Roques, Hans von Salmuth, Otto Schniewind, Hugo Sperrle, Walter Warlimont, and Otto Woehler. John C. Young (1886-1980) was the presiding judge of Tribunal No. 5 in Nuremberg.