Biology 352

This course will be offered on an alternating year basis. A course taught by a modified Problem-Based Learning (PBL) approach involving the study of anatomical, biomechanical, functional and physiological fundamentals of the musculoskeletal system and human motion.


At the completion of this course you should have:

  • Describe basic biomechanical concepts including the kinematics and kinetics of joint motion, lever systems, moment arms, principles of equilibrium and dynamics, as related to human motion.
  • Draw a free-body diagram representing axes of motion, moment arms and force vectors for all forces acting on a given motion segment for a given functional activity.
  • Describe the normal joint function and structure for each of the joint complexes studied.
  • Describe the response of viscoelastic tissues to various forms of loading
  • Define various muscle contraction types and other characteristics of muscle contraction (e.g. reverse-action, synergists, etc.)
  • Describe the functional demands on each of the regional, anatomical systems (i.e. spine, shoulder complex, foot and ankle complex, etc.)
  • Describe the origins, insertions and actions of muscles associated with specific joint function.
  • Describe the factors that contribute to mobility and stability for each joint studied.
  • Learned how to develop an integrated knowledge base.
  • Increased your overall problem solving skills, including your ability to define problems, gather and evaluate information, and develop solutions.
  • Developed effective knowledge acquisition skills.
  • Developed better team skills.
  • Increased your communication skills.
  • Increased your self-assessment skills.
  • Increased your ability to assess the work of others.
  • Increased your ability to identify, find and use appropriate resources.


  • "Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System. Foundations for Physical Rehabilitation " by D.A. Neumann (2002) St. Louis: Mosby, Inc.